Insulation is an important part of your home, as it helps it to maintain a comfortable temperature and be more energy efficient. There are many insulation types you can choose from depending on your needs and your budget. When you are choosing insulation for your home, make not that the higher the R-value, the better it is at conserving energy and helping make your home comfortable. The R-value refers to the ability of a material to block heat transfer.
Here are the most common types of insulation and how you can benefit from them:
- Foam Board. This type of insulation is composed of thick, fixed panels of foam that have been cut to fit in between the wall studs. It can be used in both pre-existing walls and new walls. It does not have to be stapled to studs while being unwound because it sticks automatically. Multiple levels of foam boards can be installed together to order to achieve the desired thickness
- Insulating Concrete Forms (ICF). This type of insulation consists of foam boards or hollow foam blocks that are tied together and built directly into the structure. They offer high thermal resistance with R-values exceeding R-17.
- Spray Foam. Polyurethane material is the most common example of this. The material is simply sprayed in place in wall openings or attic floors. It expands into a solid plastic made up of air-filled cells when sprayed. This is a good option to consider for structures that are irregularly shaped and the best way to insulate very small spaces and cracks.
- Blanket Insulation. This type of insulation is made from mineral fibres and comes in blanketed rolls. It is usually placed between wood frames and rafter, above ceilings, and under flooring.
- Loose Fill Insulation. This type of insulation is made up of loose fibers and fiber pellets that fill the cavities of attics using special machines. Cellulose, as well as a fibreglass and rockwool mixture, are the two types of loose-fill insulation. Cellulose is composed of recycled newspaper which can be chemically treated to make it fire resistant, while the fibreglass and rockwool mixture uses a blow-in blanket system that offers full coverage and better insulation.
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